UN Adopts Nuclear Weapons Ban; U.S., Other Nuclear Powers Boycott
The United Nations has taken part this Friday in a historic step in efforts to rid the world of nuclear weapons, the adoption for the first time of a treaty banning its use.
The 10-page Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was finalized this week after months of discussions initiated by negotiators from 129 member countries. On Friday, 122 of them voted in favor of the adoption of the Treaty; One, the Netherlands, Singapore voted against and abstained.
“The world is waiting for this legal norm for 70 years,” said Elayne Whyte Gómez, president of the negotiating conference and Costa Rica’s ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, at the close of the vote, while representatives broke In applause.
As of September 20, one of the general meetings of 192 U.N. Can sign the treaty; It will enter into force 90 days after ratification by the 50th country. If that is the case, it will be the first legally binding global agreement to ban nuclear weapons since its invention and an important step in the 70-year effort to rid the world of the threat of nuclear war.
Countries that ratify Commit “never develop, test, produce, manufacture, acquire, own or store nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.” It also prohibits participating nations from transferring and using – or threatening to use nuclear weapons -.
However, none of the nuclear-weapon countries in the world, including the US, have participated in the talks. Not NATO members other than the Netherlands, which is one of the five nations stocking nuclear weapons belonging to the United States.
His boycott at point has cast a shadow over the celebration. In a joint statement, the United States, Britain and France denounced the adoption of the treaty in its myopic, especially against the latest progress of North Korea’s efforts to develop its nuclear capability.
“This initiative clearly ignores the realities of the international security environment. Membership of the Prohibition Treaty is incompatible with the nuclear deterrence policy, which has been essential for the maintenance of peace in Europe and North Asia for more than 70 years “The statement said. .
“An alleged ban on nuclear weapons that does not address the security issues that continue to make nuclear deterrence necessary can not result in the elimination of a single nuclear weapon and will not strengthen a country’s security or peace and security.
This will do exactly the opposite by creating more divisions when the world must remain united in view of the growing threats, including the proliferation of ongoing efforts by the DPRK, “the statement said.
“This treaty offers no solution to the serious threat posed by North Korea’s nuclear programs and does not address other security issues that require nuclear deterrence.”
Instead of strengthening the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which commits the original five nuclear nations – the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia and China – to work towards disarmament and all other countries Agree not to go ahead with nuclear technology in exchange for the development of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
US President Donald Trump is participating in the publication of a joint statement with South Korean President Jae-Luna at the White House Rose Garden, June 30, 2017 Washington, DC
President of the moon is visiting Washington for three days. It was a meeting of the Oval Office with President Trump before the joint statements.
In addition to the five original nuclear powers, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea also have nuclear weapons.
However, non-proliferation groups have welcomed the passage of the Treaty as a victory even without the participation of the world’s major nuclear powers.
“While the treaty itself does not immediately eliminate nuclear weapons, the treaty may, over time, delegitimize nuclear weapons and strengthen legal and policy standards against its use,” said Daryl Kimball, executive director of gun control. release.
“Measures to reduce the risk of a catastrophic use of nuclear weapons are necessary